Looking Back: The Best Heart Health Tips of 2012

This has been a very important year for the Texas Heart Institute and the Center for Women’s Cardiovascular Health. We’ve covered a lot of information about the heart and how to care for it, but I want to summarize it in five practical health tips. Put them into practice in the year ahead and make 2013 the best year for your heart.

Follow The Doctor’s Instruction

 Heart Health Tips

Women want to do everything, but sometimes we can’t do it alone. We need the help of a doctor and we shouldn’t be ashamed of that.

Eighty percent of cholesterol levels are determined by genetic factors, so a healthy lifestyle is not always enough to keep your cholesterol levels within the healthy range. If your doctor prescribes cholesterol-lowering medicine, take it!

By taking aspirin, you prevent platelets in your blood from sticking to each other and forming a clot that can be fatal. If your doctor prescribes a treatment that requires you to take a daily aspirin, listen to him! Only take aspirin daily if you’ve checked with your doctor before.

If a medicine makes you feel unwell, work with your doctor to find the right medicine and the right dose. If your doctor won’t help you, change your doctor!

Move more

Start by surrounding yourself with supportive people. Studies have shown that women who allow friends and family to participate in lifestyle changes are more likely to be consistent.

Small changes leave a mark. Go up and down the stairs whenever you can, park your car far away from where you are going, and go for a 10-minute walk around the office.

You don’t have to just run on a treadmill.

Make Adjustments To Your Diet

There are no “bad” foods but bad eating habits. It is important that you know what you are feeding your body with, but it is also important that you be consistent. Choose foods that suit you and stick to them.

Foods high in saturated fat — and not high in cholesterol — are those that increase blood cholesterol levels. If you are trying to cut down on saturated fat, opt for margarine over butter, low-fat dairy over whole milk, and lean meats.

Eggs do not raise cholesterol. They contain low amounts of saturated fat, are rich in vitamins, and are part of a healthy diet.

Portions are important: Cut your portion sizes in half and eat smaller meals throughout the day.

Eliminate junk foods from your pantry and treat yourself to eating them just once a month.

Be Prepared For The Changes Of Menopause

The cardiovascular risk doubles or quadruples at least at menopause. Be aware of these changes and be prepared to deal with them.

Be prepared for your cholesterol levels to rise during menopause.

If you have already gone through menopause and are over 50, watch out for symptoms of “broken heart syndrome” or takotsubo cardiomyopathy (a transient illness that sometimes occurs due to deep grief or stress). Some people who experience sudden or prolonged periods of stress can develop this disease, which feels like a heart attack.

Even after menopause, it is never too late to reduce your risk of cardiovascular disease with your doctor’s help and healthy lifestyle changes.

You Can Defend Your Health Better Than Anyone

Nearly 7 in 10 women say they prioritize their family’s health needs over their own. I understand that you may be tempted to do the same, but forgetting about your own health is not a good decision. If you really love your family, you need to take care of yourself too so that your loved ones can count on you for many years. You can defend your health better than anyone. Take charge of your health and the well-being of your family.

Find out about your body mass index, your cholesterol levels, and your blood pressure. Keep a record of these values. You can write them down on this worksheet.

If you smoke, stop it. You will probably live longer and earn an average of 4-9 years of life.

If you search the Internet for information on heart health, remember that not all health topic websites are created equal. Consider the origin and age of the information before determining the credibility of what you read on the Internet.

You may also be interested in Six health tips to take better care of older adults

Six health tips to take better care of older adults

Muscle weakness, lack balance, decreased reflexes, blurred vision, decreased hearing, and joint stiffness. These are some of the characteristics of the natural aging process. For this reason, caring for the elderly requires attention, responsibility, and health tips. In many cases, physical problems and chronic diseases, and others that require more attention in the elderly are added.

” You age as you live, “says gerontologist Nelson Mostajo. “The changes due to aging correspond to the wear of all our systems. But these changes will occur to a greater or lesser extent. Depending on how we have lived our adulthood in relation to our healthy or harmful habits (alcohol, tobacco, poor diet, little exercise) ”, explains the expert.

Specialists Give  Some health tips to Better Take Care of Older Adults and thus, give them a  better quality of life. They all coincide in pointing out that affection, care, support. And respect towards them will contribute to the better development of their health. Likewise, they emphasize that not everyone ages the same. So care varies in each case depending on physical and mental health:

Safety conditions at home

“Most of the accidents suffered by older people occur at home,” Says Mostajo. “Generally due to a  lack of adequacy of the facilities to their physical conditions derived from aging: lower visual acuity, deterioration of physical capacities (gait, coordination, etc.), cognitive deterioration and others ”, he says.

One of the dangers older adults continually face is falling. “They are more prone to falls because due to age and the loss of muscular functions and elasticity there is a decrease in defense and balance reflexes. They also have a decrease in the base of support, thus leaving the center of gravity more unstable ”, explains  Jennifer Rojas,  physiotherapist, and kinesiologist. It is essential to guarantee them the greatest autonomy and security.

“A suitable physical environment is necessary for its development. Adapt the homes to their reality and limitations with correct lighting, ramps, wall brackets in the shower and bathrooms, so that there are no obstacles or dangers for their wandering, ”says the gerontologist.

Reviewing the usual space in which the older adult operates and removing obstacles  (rugs, fragile tables) where they can trip is essential. Modifications must also be made in certain critical areas such as the bathroom and shower, where you must install bars or handles to support yourself and place non-slip mats. When bathing you should always be seated on a static piece of furniture that does not have wheels. It is essential to have good lighting and free spaces to be able to circulate easily.

Medication record

Depending on their health status, older adults consume various medications. Therefore, they can become confused, double the dose, or self-medicate, which is very dangerous. They advise that a family member or their caregiver regulate the intake of medications and keep a  daily control book.


hygiene Adequate personal hygiene is essential for maintaining a healthy old age. and the prevention of the appearance of diseases such as infections. Likewise, it is important to take care of your skin by applying moisturizer and, in case of prolonged exposure to the sun, sunscreen.

Balanced diet

health tips to take better care

The nutritionist Fabiola Maldonado points out that the diet of the elderly must be varied so that they have all the nutrients. It advises to reduce saturated fats  (sausages and cold cuts),  increase the consumption of vegetable fats  (almonds, walnuts, sunflower seeds), fruits and vegetables,  limit the consumption of sugar and salt, control that throughout the day you drink water to be hydrated. He recommends consulting a nutritionist to develop a  diet plan according to the diseases that the older adult has.

To exercise

“ Exercise is important because it produces positive changes not only on a physical level but also on a mental level. It helps the elderly to have a  more active life, thus improving their state of health and even preventing them from falling into a state of loneliness ”, explains the physiotherapist.

Older adults can perform four types of exercises:

  • Strength to strengthen muscles
  • A balance that helps prevent falls
  • Improve reflexes; flexibility
  • Resistance to improve breathing and heart rate

Exercise is the new drug and must be dosed with a prior evaluation by a specialist: a kinesiologist,” emphasizes Rojas.

Make him participate in social activities

It is important to promote the socialization of the elderly with his family and close friends. Whether on walks, birthdays, parties, or more. In this way, you can strengthen ties that the older adult maintains with society and with his relatives. Which will help him to socialize with other people. The environment, maintain a good mood,  feel part of a group and fulfill himself.

You may also be interested in Health tips to stay in shape after 50 years

Health tips to stay in shape after 50 years

At an age, it may seem more difficult to keep fit, but it’s all about fitness and finding an activity that fulfills us and encourages us to exercise. Everyone should have healthy habits throughout their lives. However, after 50 and after menopause or andropause, it is essential to try to stay in shape to ensure self-well-being and enjoy a good quality of life. Here we will give you some health tips to improve your health if you have already reached 5 decades. Take note!

There is No Excuse to be Healthy If You are Over 50

Formerly a person who had already formed his family and was close to retirement was considered an “old man”. For this reason, it was strange to see a person of a certain age participating in physical activities and attending gyms.

In turn, the person fell into a sedentary lifestyle and other habits that, far from helping them to enjoy health and energy, plunged them into a kind of lethargy or boredom.

Fortunately, things have changed, and today,  50 is a good time to improve habits and adopt new routines. This has also changed in terms of medicine, since it was previously thought that, for example, for a woman after menopause it was risky to exercise. It is now known that the benefits of sport are many at any age.

Tips to Stay in Shape After 50

Whether you’ve been in sports all your life or you’ve never been to an academy, it’s very important that you follow an appropriate exercise routine.  For this reason, at 50 it is still essential to attend to the doctor’s recommendations, even with regard to physical activity.

Determine Your Goals

follow health tips

What do you want to exercise for? It can be to lose weight, improve balance, have good health, or strengthen certain parts of the body. Or maybe to clear your mind a bit, put stress aside, or just unwind, have fun, and meet new people. Knowing what your goal is will keep you motivated

Find a Suitable Activity

This means that it should be tailored to your age, your physical build, your skills, and your experience. It seems impossible, but it is not. Try all the activities you want until you find the right one.  You will realize what it is when you don’t want to miss any class.

Enter Exercise into Your Life Without Pressure

Determine how much time you will dedicate to exercise per day or per week, and try to maintain a balance between the time you need to dedicate (for health) and the time you want to dedicate (for pleasure, etc.).

The idea is that you introduce exercise in your life in a way that makes it easier for you so that you do not regret doing it or maintaining the habit over time.

Organize an agenda, a calendar, or schedule if you prefer, write down in a notebook or notepad what you have done and what you have not, and use that as a reference to improve.

Consider Exercise a Pleasure

Staying in shape is a long-term task. Therefore, if you do not exercise for a day or two, nothing bad will happen, but avoid throwing your efforts overboard by returning to a sedentary lifestyle.

Change Your Diet

Do not forget that after a certain age, the metabolism changes.  Therefore, if you eat the same as before, you may find it difficult to maintain a healthy weight. Also, the amounts and foods that you used to eat more regularly in your 20s may no longer work for you in terms of energy.

Exercises to Stay in Shape After 50


It is the basis of exercise and is recommended at any age. Best of all, you can walk anytime, anywhere. While it’s best to be outside, you can always use the gym treadmill when it’s cold or raining.

You can take the opportunity to go for a walk with your grandchildren or with your dog. One hour a day is advisable.  Wear comfortable shoes and walk at your own pace.


Life without music would not be life. And besides, dancing has many health benefits. Staying in shape at 50 can be the funniest thing in the world if we add funky songs to it.


Swimming is another of the sports that we can practice after menopause and andropause because it benefits us without making excessive efforts. You will be exercising without realizing it thanks to the action of the water.

You may also be interested in Medicine practice and coping mechanisms: Avails and Hardness

Medicine practice and coping mechanisms: Avails and Hardness

In a recent article, Dr. Claire Gerada, from the National Health Service (NHS) program for physicians in the United Kingdom, reflected on the coping mechanisms that usually develop when practicing medicine and what benefits and difficulties they entail on a psychological level. The novelty of its approach is that it initially rescues the adaptive value of these strategies, to later point out when they can become problematic for the doctor.

The work of doctors has changed in recent decades and especially in recent years. The time devoted to bureaucratic and management tasks has increased, while investment in material resources and professionals has decreased. To this must be added faulty planning of the care offered. All these circumstances have contributed to increasing the exhaustion and demotivation of health professionals in general, and doctors in particular.

practice and coping mechanisms

Beyond the new context in which practicing medicine, doctors live day by day, to a greater or lesser degree. With the suffering of the sick and, often, also of those close to them. Situations such as the communication of unpleasant news. The experience of traumatic experiences, the losses that the disease (and, ultimately, death) entails, can only be ensured if the doctor avoids emotional identification. With each case without losing empathy. Achieving that balance is not easy, and even more so if the conception of medicine as mere technoscience ends up being imposed. Ignoring the human aspects inherent in becoming ill that, whether present or not, come into play in the therapeutic relationship.

The doctor’s capacity for emotional self-containment is to be able to accept the discomfort of the subject. Who comes for help is gradually acquired throughout the professional practice. It is achieved through learning in which identification with other caregivers (teachers, mentors, colleagues, etc.). And the modeling that implies belonging to a group of equals prevails. Among the most common psychic defense mechanisms, altruism and sublimation stand out. But others such as humor, denial, projection, minimization, or rationalization of unpleasant emotions can also be activated.

These strategies, mostly unconscious, allow that coexistence with psychic pain does not end up overwhelming the doctor. However, sometimes these coping mechanisms (either by excess or by default) can work against the doctor as a person. Thus, excess altruism can lead to emotional exhaustion, when one’s own needs are ignored for the sake of attention to those of others. Denial can end up blocking self-awareness and emotional recognition; projection, by attributing weaknesses or mistakes to another, supports a sense of false invulnerability; while rationalization prevents familiarization and proper control of emotions.

When mental suffering leads to a mental disorder or an addiction, the feeling of personal vulnerability and incompetence in managing one’s own discomfort can lead the suffering doctor to deny his situation and delay the request for help. Hence the importance of gradually developing a culture, from undergraduate and throughout professional practice, that promotes, at a personal and institutional level, the development of competencies in managing one’s own and others’ emotions and asking for help when the coping mechanisms of falter.

You may also like to read Treatment of anxiety in the child

Treatment of anxiety in the child

Extra-curricular activities, demands from the environment, and absent parents can cause stress for the child. In this article, we present the most effective psychological treatments for anxiety disorders in childhood.

Fear is an emotion that is part of the normal development of each individual; it is usually of moderate intensity and tends to fade over time. However, in childhood, negative emotions related to fear can be maladaptive and cause anxiety. Knowing what anxiety treatment involves in your child can be of great help.

Anxiety disorders in childhood show data that should not be overlooked: about 18% of children suffer from anxiety. The most frequent disorders are separation anxiety, especially in children under the age of 12, specific phobia, and generalized anxiety.

On the other hand, anxiety disorders in children are more common in women and are usually related to depression.

Symptoms of anxiety

Anxiety generates symptoms that interfere with the child’s daily life, negatively affecting different contexts: school, family, and social. The most frequent physical symptoms are tachycardia, headache, intestinal disturbances, nausea, and sleep disturbances.

Symptoms of anxiety are accompanied by a strong preoccupation with various situations that often result in avoidance and escape behaviors. These behaviors are very difficult for parents to manage because they generate negative reinforcements.

Parents often give in to the avoidance of the child, thereby exacerbating the problem. On the other hand, let’s see what the treatment of anxiety in the child consists of.

Treatment of anxiety in the child

There are several treatments to treat anxiety in children. First of all, it is advisable to consult a psychologist, as the psychological intervention is free of side effects and has proven to be very effective.

Drug therapy should only be considered if psychological therapy has failed or if anxiety is excessively disabling.

In this case, priority must be given to antidepressants, which impair cognitive processes such as memory and learning less than anxiolytics. It is also possible to use benzodiazepines, useful for calming anxiety in association with appropriate behavioral measures.

Cognitive-behavioral therapy

As for cognitive-behavioral therapy, multiple treatments are recommended, which include several strategies. Here are the most useful ones:

  • Relaxation exercises. Most used for generalized and separation anxiety. They have two phases: In the first, the child’s minimum ability to perform the exercise is verified. These are standing still for 5 seconds, maintaining eye contact for 5 seconds, demonstrating imitation skills, and following simple instructions.

Once the child is shown to be able to cope, he will be explained how anxiety works and he will be taught relaxation techniques. These can be of various types: infant massage, relaxation games (robot-rag doll), and techniques based on imagination in which stories are told, the child stiffens a part of the body and then relaxes it.

  • Self-instructions. The child learns to replace the cognitive components that generate anxiety with coping verbalizations.

Kendall’s Coping Cat Program (“The Cat That Gets It Alone”). It is a cognitive-behavioral therapy that consists of two parts. In the first, the child learns to recognize the symptoms and thoughts related to anxiety and develops a coping plan (“FEAR” Plan).

Parents are taught to reinforce coping behaviors and eliminate grievances and blame. In the second phase, the skills learned are put into action through imaginative and live exposure to more feared situations.

Conclusions on the treatment of anxiety in the child

Psychological treatments have been shown to be very effective in dealing with anxiety in children and adolescents. However, it is always best to prevent anxiety disorder.

Sometimes children are subjected to excessive stress: family ups and downs, absence of parents, school or extracurricular activities are some factors that contribute to the development of an anxiety disorder.

It is essential that parents learn to scale their expectations by setting limits based on simple, realistic, and correctly formulated requests.

Reducing expectations of the child and setting concrete and stable limits offer safety. On the other hand, it is essential to dedicate quality time to the child to play together, look after him or listen to him.

In this regard, parents should avoid using cell phones, talking about work problems, and arguing with each other in the presence of their children.

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Fruits and vegetables increase life expectancy

Few today question the positive health effects of an abundant consumption of fruit and vegetables. According to a recent study, consuming 5 servings a day of vegetables increases life expectancy, as it reduces the incidence of chronic diseases such as cancer or cardiovascular disease.

Nevertheless, it is good to remember that to enjoy these benefits it is important to take macronutrients in optimal proportions. Satisfying protein and fat needs are equally essential. Both of these elements are involved in numerous physiological processes.

2 portions of fruit and 3 of vegetables

The consumption of vegetables must be given priority over that of fruit. The reason for this is that vegetables usually have a higher concentration of phytonutrients. These compounds are essential for neutralizing the formation of free radicals, an aspect that is associated with the prevention of complex diseases.

According to research published in the journal Circulation, it is important to ensure the presence of vegetables in the diet in order to improve the effectiveness of physiological processes, thus keeping inflammatory states under control.

It must be taken into account that an excessive course of inflammatory states could generate various health problems.

To enjoy an optimal state of health, it is advisable to include foods of plant origin in all main meals. Additionally, fruit can also be included in mid-morning or mid-afternoon snacks to improve overall vitamin and antioxidant intake.

Some fruits and vegetables are better than others

It must also be remembered that not all plants enjoy the same properties. Exotic fruits, for example, have a higher concentration of phytonutrients. These compounds help prevent various diseases including cancer, according to a study published in Current Pharmaceutical Design.

Likewise, brightly colored vegetables or crucifers also improve our health more efficiently than others.

Broccoli is a good example since some scientific evidence indicates that these vegetables contain essential substances to reduce the incidence of cardiovascular diseases.

Eat plenty of fruit and vegetables

While there is some consensus that the optimal amount of fruit and vegetables to consume each day is 5 servings, this does not mean that more is not possible.

More consumption, in fact, could offer additional benefits. In particular, it is very important to ensure a good variety, combining products with different colors in order to receive a greater supply of nutrients.

In addition, it is important to alternate between the consumption of raw and cooked vegetables. Physico-chemical processes can alter the availability of some nutrients they contain. In this sense, it is good that a good part of the ingested vegetables has not been subjected to aggressive cooking methods.

To receive all the nutrients offered by these foods, it is also advisable to consume the vegetable cooking broth, which contains a large number of water-soluble vitamins. Wasting it would therefore be a sin.

The scientific study

Returning to the study published in the journal Circulation, the scientists analyzed the diet of over 2 million subjects: a very large sample. It emerged that the risk of death decreased significantly, by 12%, in subjects who consumed 5 portions a day of fruit and vegetables.

It was also found that in the same subjects respiratory diseases had a 35% lower incidence and prevalence. The same was true of various types of cancer and cardiovascular disease.

However, it was not possible to establish a correlation between higher vegetable consumption and a further reduction in the risk of death. Finally, the most beneficial vegetables for health were those with green leaves or bright colors, which contain high levels of vitamin C and beta-carotene.

To live longer, consume more fruits and vegetables

In light of what has been said, the consumption of at least 5 portions of fruit and vegetables throughout the day is effective in preventing chronic and complex health.

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How to increase immunity home remedies

Keeping the immune system in good condition and strong defenses allows us to prevent the development of certain diseases and stand up to those that begin to manifest in our bodies. To keep your body in perfect condition and strengthen the immune system in a natural way, Vitae offers you a food supplement with purified beta-glucans from yeast, vitamin D3, vitamin B, and Zinc. This food supplement will help you maintain the normal functioning of the immune system. It will reduce tiredness and fatigue so that your body increases its defenses and will protect the cells of your body against the damage caused by oxidation.

Next, we will tell you how to increase immunity home remedies so that these measures have a greater effect. Remember that with a strong immune system, you will be much healthier in all aspects.

How to increase immunity home remedies?

Food is the basis for maintaining a strong and healthy immune system. For this reason and in order to raise the defenses in a natural way, it is important to incorporate foods that provide us with the necessary nutrients to strengthen the immune system and that favor the defense cells of the body more efficiently. These are some of the best foods to boost your defenses:

  • Products with Omega 3: tuna, salmon, sardines, walnuts, chia seeds, and flaxseed.
  • Foods rich in vitamin C: orange, tangerine, lemon, pineapple, mango, melon, watermelon, strawberries, kiwi, tomato, broccoli, cabbage, etc.
  • Foods with vitamin A: carrot, spinach, chard, beet, or egg.
  • Foods rich in vitamin E: olive and sunflower oil and nuts such as hazelnuts, peanuts, pistachios, or almonds.
  • Products containing zinc: chicken, turkey, red beef, oysters, wheat germ and whole grains, pumpkin seeds, and fish.
  • Foods with selenium: rice, chicken, cheese, wheat flour, sunflower seeds, etc.
  • Natural probiotics: natural yogurt and kefir.

In addition to introducing these foods into your diet, it is important to avoid processed foods, refined sugars, alcohols, and caffeine, as they are very harmful and weaken the body.

Vitamins to raise the defenses

Keeping the body with good levels of vitamins is essential to strengthening the immune system naturally. But what are the vitamins most necessary to keep the immune system strong? These are the following:

  • Vitamin C: it is the most essential, as it directly helps the proper functioning of the immune system. The star fruit where you can find this vitamin is in the orange. However, you can also consume it through food supplements.
  • Vitamin B3: This vitamin is water-soluble. That is, it dissolves in water, so a great property can be lost if you cook food that contains them. Therefore, taking it through food supplements will allow the mucous membranes to be in normal conditions, one of the main functions of type B vitamins.
  • Vitamin D: this type of vitamin helps to absorb calcium since it is fat-soluble, and together with phosphorus, it allows us to maintain strong bones, a great defense of our immune system. Vitamin D is produced in the body through sunlight, although you will also find it in small doses in some foods and as a supplement.

Taking care of your body, leading a healthy life, and avoiding, as far as possible, everything that is harmful to your body will allow you to maintain a strong immune system with high defenses and ready to fight everything.

Why the immune system is weakened

The immune system is the body’s defense method that is activated to prevent attacks by bacteria, viruses, fungi, or other pathogenic organisms. The skin is our first defensive barrier, but there are some more, such as white blood cells and immunoglobulins. Any imbalance in the immune system can directly affect the performance and functioning of our body, as well as our health. Therefore, it is necessary to keep it strong and take the necessary measures so that the defenses do not weaken.

Although we have sophisticated defense methods, there are certain factors that can affect and weaken our immune system. These are the main causes of a weakened immune system:

Inadequate nutrition: it is the basis of health. The deficit of proteins, vitamins, or minerals, as well as the excess of carbohydrates, directly affects the functioning of the immune system.

Low activity: sedentary lifestyle is directly related to diseases such as diabetes or being overweight, which has a very negative impact on immunology. Lack of movement or no moderate physical activity, at least twice a week, is a quick way to weaken your defenses.

A bad rest: not sleeping the recommended hours (between 7 and 8 a day) and not having an optimal rest and good sleep hygiene causes the defenses of the immune system to lower their guard and are not as effective against the attack of diseases.

Stress: although it is a natural response that favors the release of adrenaline, an overload of tension can transform into more serious pathologies such as anxiety, depression, or even thrombosis. Maintaining stressful situations for a long time can affect the depression of the immune system and weaken it.

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How to remove stitches mark from the body?

Many times, when you cut yourself or accidentally injure yourself, your doctor may recommend stitches because the wound is too far apart and is not able to heal properly on its own. Currently, there are different types of suture threads: nylon, silk, vycril, linen … In fact, there are sutures, such as vicryl silk, that dissolve by themselves and it is not necessary to remove either a doctor or yourself the stitches, but there are others and very common that do require to be removed after a while when the wound has healed.

A healthcare professional should always remove the stitches, be it a doctor, nurse, or other specialists, but go to your doctor if you cannot. It is necessary to remove the stitches now and you have no idea how to remove stitches.

How to remove stitches – step by step

If you have decided to remove the stitches by yourself or with someone’s help, you mustn’t do it without knowing how to do it. A doctor should do this process to make sure everything is going well. However, if there is no possibility of going to this, you can follow these steps to remove the stitches.

Get sharp-tipped or surgical scissors. Never use knives as they tend to slip and can injure you.

Sterilize the tools you are going to use. To do this, place the scissors together with some metal tweezers in a pot of boiling water to eliminate all kinds of bacteria and other germs and prevent them from entering your body. The tweezers should look similar to those used to remove eyebrow hair, but make sure they don’t slip to make the process easier for you.

Bandages and an anti-inflammatory and/or antibiotic cream are important if the wound has not healed properly and begins to bleed. Although this is rare, these supplies should be kept on hand.

Before removing the stitches, it is vitally important that you sterilize the area where they are. To do this:

  1. Wash with soap and plenty of water.
  2. Apply alcohol or chlorhexidine.
  3. At the end of this, sit in a place where there is a lot of light so that you can see the stitches clearly and you can begin to remove them.

Using the pliers, lift the first knot and cut the thread next to the knot. Make sure not to pull too much on the thread when you are holding it with the tweezers, just enough to be able to put the tip of the scissors in and cut.

Once cut, stretch the thread that you are holding with the tweezers little by little without using almost force and you will see that the thread begins to come out of your skin.

Repeat these steps with the remaining sutures and you’re done.

Clean the wound with a cotton ball moistened with water or a little alcohol.

If you notice that the wound begins to bleed when you remove the first knot, do not remove the rest and go to your doctor since it may not yet be time to remove the stitches. After removing the stitches, you need to pay attention to your wound to make sure it is healing as it should. If you notice any strange changes, go quickly to the doctor.

How to remove ingrown stitches – step by step

It may be the case where the stitches are ingrown. This is rare and should not happen if you follow your doctor’s instructions and the stitches are removed after the days indicated by this, because if too many days go by, the skin begins to heal over the stitches, leaving these little to little bury in it. If this happens, you must go to your doctor since removing them becomes a painful process, sometimes even difficult. However, if for some reason you or someone close to you have to do it, the steps to follow to remove the ingrown stitches are as follows.

Acquire the utensils mentioned above.

Sterilize the scissors and tweezers that you are going to use.

Having bandages and an anti-inflammatory cream on hand is essential in these cases, as the wound may bleed or ooze interstitial fluid. If it has become infected, it may even ooze purulent fluid.

Disinfect the wound as many times as necessary. First, wash it with soap and water and then use some disinfectant to apply it on it.

Sit where you can see the points clearly and pick up the first knot. With the knot raised, cut the thread close to the knot. The stitches may be too red and there is no possibility of cutting the knot as it should be. In these cases, it is essential to see your doctor since it may be necessary to open the skin a little and even the muscle, in severe cases, to remove the stitches.

Once cut, stretch the thread that you held with the tweezers and pull it to remove it, without using too much force. Faced with this situation, this step can hurt, so if you notice great pain, stop what you are doing and go to a doctor to cause a bigger problem.

If you have managed to remove it, repeat these steps with the remaining stitches.

Clean the wound very well and disinfect it again.

It would also be advisable that, when you have removed the stitches, you go to a doctor as soon as possible to ensure that everything is going well. The wound will finish healing correctly. In these cases, you have to take special care and observe an alarming change in the wound.

Do removing stitches hurt?

In general, removing the stitches does not hurt. It should not hurt in any case. If, on the other hand, you have removed the first stitches yourself and you have felt pain, it would be better for you to go to your doctor as it is probably due to having left the stitches for longer than indicated or the presence of an infection. Remember not to overstretch the knotted thread when removing the stitches, as otherwise, it may hurt and make you more injured. Think that if everything is being done well, the point should come out on its own without using too much force.

When to remove stitches

You do not know the time. What has to happen to remove the stitches? Generally, stitches should be removed between 7 and 14 days after they have been placed. Depending on the location and type of damage, they will be removed sooner or later.

Always follow the doctor’s instructions and do not exceed the days indicated by him to remove the stitches. Otherwise, problems such as infections in the scar or burial of the stitches under the skin could appear. You would have the stitches ingrown or infected, which will make the removal process of these points difficult. You may even feel pain when performing the extraction. If you exceed the indicated days, the scar that will remain will surely be more visible and larger.

How to care for a wound after removing stitches

The treatment of the wound after removing stitches is particularly important to do so follow these tips.

You can put a bandage on the wound to avoid exposing it too much and allowing it to continue to heal properly.

Apply a disinfectant daily to ensure that no type of infection appears, although if it has been closed correctly, it is not often that this happens.

Do not scratch the wound and in case you have to dry the area where it is located, do not rub it, make small pats on the scar to dry it.

Apply sunscreen to protect the scar from UV rays, as they are harmful to it.

If the wound is completely closed, you can buy a cream with vitamin E, as it can help it heal faster and better.

Check that it is not opening.

There are doubts about whether it is better to leave the stitches or the recent scar open or covered. The reality is that it would be convenient to alternate this when you are at home. You can leave them in the air and when you go out to the street, cover them to protect the wound with stitches or the recent scar already without stitches. In the same way, that you can do when these are removed.

What is alopecia? Causes and treatments for hair loss

You may have heard or met someone who started having sudden hair loss and major head flaws. So, do you know what alopecia is? It is precisely this disease that causes hair loss in large quantities, forming imperfections and, in more specific cases, even baldness.

Thus, alopecia is a disease that can affect men or women, for different reasons. However, it has a treatment to prevent blemishes from increasing and can even regrow hair, all under the supervision of a dermatologist.

What is alopecia?

First of all, alopecia is a condition that causes hair on the scalp or some other area of ​​the body with a lot of hair to fall out, such as the eyebrows. Thus, large areas of the flaw are visible to the naked eye, showing skin that used to be hair or hair.

Types of alopecia

In short, when someone has alopecia, five different types can be causing the problem of hair loss. Above all, see what the following are.

Alopecia areata

When the body is fighting a disease (auto immunization) or even having emotional problems, this type of alopecia can appear. Also, there are no other symptoms besides hair or hair loss.

In summary, alopecia areata causes a person to have severe hair loss in certain areas, causing round patches to appear on the scalp with no hair, roughly the size of large coins.

Even so, total alopecia areata causes all hair to fall out on the scalp and universal areata causes all body hair to fall out. However, its evolution is not predictable, and hair can grow back or not, being very specific to each person.


It is the well-known baldness, is caused by genetic factors, associated with the rate of testosterone in the bloodstream and, therefore, more frequent in men, because testosterone is the main male hormone.

Traumatic alopecia

It comes from the habit of constantly pulling strands of hair or trauma to the head such as bumps and bruises that leave scars.


Caused by seborrheic dermatitis, which can be treated with the use of medications.


Basically, this type of alopecia is identified by a period in which the hair falls naturally, however, when this mechanism is deregulated, there can be a longer period of hair loss, which generally responds and improves with treatments.

Signs of alopecia

In general, alopecia hair loss can be identified by the loss of 100 or more hairs per day. But since no one keeps counting hair lost on the floor or on the comb, you can tell if this happens when there are many strands of hair on the pillow in the morning or when many strands, not just three or four, are in your run. by the hair.

In addition, fingernails and toenails can also change, with white lines and sharp indentations appearing.


In general, alopecia can be the result of many things that happen to us, which are neither transitory nor momentary, such as:

  • Recurring stress;
  • Genetics;
  • Too much chemical or poor quality chemistry on the hair;
  • Poor diet and the consequent lack of nutrients;
  • Use of continuous medications;
  • Diseases, such as skin cancer, lupus, or diabetes;
  • Deregulated postpartum hormones;
  • Ringworm on the scalp;
  • Menopause;
  • Trichotillomania.

Difference between alopecia and common hair loss

Alopecia is different from common hair loss. In short, alopecia is related to other diseases of the body, which sometimes have no cure, only reduction or control of symptoms.

However, common hair loss occurs due to routine or unusual situations, such as too much stress or after part, which is a short time are reversed.

Hair loss risks

So if you want to prevent the appearance of alopecia at some stage in your life, then you need to know the risk factors and what influences it to manifest itself

  • Hormonal problems;
  • Stress;
  • The pregnancy;
  • Advanced age;
  • History of baldness in the family (genetic factor);
  • Excess weight loss;
  • Lack of vitamin B12 and proteins;
  • Too much vitamin A
  • Diabetes and lupus.


Finally, to identify alopecia and define the best treatment, it is necessary to have an evaluation by a dermatologist. In short, each type of alopecia can receive more effective treatment.

However, alopecia is treated with topical drugs, that is, directly applied to the affected region, such as corticosteroids, anthralin, and minoxidil. Still, corticosteroids can be injectable to have the most precise effect in one area.

Still, cosmetic products such as lotions or ampoules and food supplements are excellent to complement the treatment of more severe cases.

In addition, other specific and more expensive treatments such as carboxytherapy and intradermotherapy (laser treatments) can be performed with a professional and with a medical recommendation.

Thus, with treatment, the disease can be controlled, reducing defects and preventing new defects from arising, since the growth of the hair root follicles is stimulated, and this is necessary until the disease disappears. In addition, introducing a good diet is essential, because this way the hair will have the necessary vitamins to grow strong.